By: Mustafa Sahin
Women less intelligent then Men, and more women in Hell?
Tad Pringle? Why did you chop the hadith in half and you didn’t present the full context? The full context of the hadith explains what it means for women to be less intelligent, ( The Arabic is actually deficiency on two primary reasons and nothing about Men are academically more intelligent. Let’s read the full narration and not half the narration as you presented which will give us the complete picture of what the Prophet specified;
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
Once Allah’s Apostle went out to the Musalla (to offer the prayer) o ‘Id-al-Adha or Al-Fitr prayer. Then he passed by the women and said, “O women! Give alms, as I have seen that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-fire were you (women).” They asked, “Why is it so, O Allah’s Apostle ?” He replied, “You curse frequently and are ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religion than you. A cautious sensible man could be led astray by some of you.” The women asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! What is deficient in our intelligence and religion?” He said, “Is not the evidence of two women equal to the witness of one man?” They replied in the affirmative. He said, “This is the deficiency in her intelligence. Isn’t it true that a woman can neither pray nor fast during her menses?” The women replied in the affirmative. He said, “This is the deficiency in her religion.”
Sahih Bukhari 1:6:301
So here the Prophet explains, it’s a biological deficiency women have, that she can’t praye while in a state of impurity during menses, this has nothing to do with, she lacks intelligence mentally in reference to “Academically or Socially on all circumstances”. Not at ALL. Also the part of the hadith, where it speaks about two women witness equal to one 1 man witness, this could refer to cases of Horrific crimes, where women fear looking at someone getting murderd for example because women tend to naturally fear more then men, since they are emotionally are more sensitive towards witnessing crime, so then her eye witness account in court might be effected if she looked away and didn’t get a good look at the criminal involved. Thus requiring another witness.
The Biological differences between Men and Women have even been outlined by Western Academics see under: Myth 3: A woman’s testimony is worth only half a man’s https://yaqeeninstitute.org/nazir-khan/women-in-islamic-law-examining-five-prevalent-myths/
The results were clear-cut. Males were more accurate and less suggestible about the male-oriented items while females were more accurate and less suggestible about the female-oriented items. This finding provided clear support for the hypothesis that females and males tend to be accurate on different types of items, perhaps indicating their differential interest in particular items and corresponding differential amounts of attention paid to those items .
Though the hadith in Question is related to a Quranic verse such as buisness transactions, In this article we show, Western Academics show significant differences some of the biological issues women face that could cause them to err on certain circumstances compared to men.
Some of the examples given are post natal depression which could effect a women judgement see more here:
There are even Western Academics and researchers, saying the data shows there are twice as many men as women who scored Higher in IQ.
Are these due to Biological Factors and limitations, or are they based on social or environmental circumstances, there is no answer as of yet.
So as one can see, Islam in no way undermines the intelligence of women, since in Islam there are females who have been Scholars of even Hadith. Rather the Qur’anic text talk about the Biological issues a women may go through such as post-natal depression that could cause a women to forget thus requiring a second testimony and we have also shown there are certain conditions were her own testimony is still valid.
As for more women then men in hell?
 Loftus, E. F., Banaji, M. R., Schooler, J. W., & Foster, R. (1987). Who remembers what? Gender differences in memory. Michigan Quarterly Review, 26, p. 79. Other research has noted that women generally have advantages in short-term memory, working memory, facial memory, while men excel in visuospatial memory. Encyclopedia of Human Memory. Ed. Annette Kujawski Taylor. (Greenwood 2013). p. 509.